150 Plants From My Permaculture Garden

I’ve compiled a list of 150 edible and functional plants growing in my permaculture garden.

These are growing in a diverse polyculture on our one-acre plot within Crystal Waters Permaculture Village, the Australian ecovillage. My subtropical garden has received an edible landscape award and I open it periodically for workshops and tours.

I love foraging in my garden. There’s always something new happening. It is a place of much joy and connection for me, and I’ve set it up so it’s not at all hard work.

In many ways the garden is a central part of our lives. It’s my children’s classroom. It is our pantry. It’s our medicine cabinet. It’s our source of table flowers and natural dyes. It’s the basis of my livelihood and it our resilience. It is a place of learning, teaching, inquiry, creativity and discovery. It is a source too of many gifts, abundance and happiness. Over 10,000 edible perennial cuttings and many 1000s of easy to grow seeds have been given away from this garden.

Back in winter, my brother and I made this short film – the first of the weekly films on my YouTube Channel: Our Permaculture Life.

Perhaps you may have already seen it. In this film I take you on a walkabout deep into my edible landscape – the kitchen garden and food forest – sharing design ideas, my low-input garden philosophy and introducing the first 50 or so plants on the list below and explaining their uses.


Today I have added the common names of another 150 edible, medicinal and useful plants that I have in my edible eco-system. This is not a complete list of my plants – still working on that, and of course, it is seasonal too.

  1. Lemon Myrtle – Backhousia citriodora
  2. Cranberry Hibiscus – Hibiscus acetosella
  3. Society Garlic – Tulbaghia violecea
  4. Mustard Spinach – Brassica juncea
  5. Snow Peas – Pisum sativum var. saccharatum
  6. Carrot – Daucus carota subsp. sativus
  7. Sweet Potato – Ipomoea batatas
  8. Pumpkin – Cucurbita pepo
  9. Pepino – Solanum muricatum
  10. Dwarf Washington Navel Orange – Citrus sinensis ‘Washington Navel’
  11. Comfrey – Symphytum officinale
  12. Pigeon Pea –  Cajanus cajan
  13. Yacon – Smallanthus sonchifolius
  14. Turmeric – Curcurma longa
  15. Pelargonium /Scented Geranium –  Pelargonium graveolens
  16. Madagascar Bean – Phaseolus lunatus
  17. Brazilian Spinach – Alternanthera sissoo
  18. Surinam Spinach – Talinum triangulare
  19. Green Frills Mustard Spinach – Brassica juncea
  20. Society Garlic – Tulbaghia violecea
  21. Asparagus –  Asparagus officinalis
  22. Giant Red Mustard Spinach –  Brassica juncea
  23. Cherry Tomato – Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme
  24. Perennial Welsh Onion – Allium fistulosum L.
  25. Chilli – Capsicum annum
  26. Aloe Vera – Aloe barbadensis
  27. Yarrow – Achillea millefolium
  28. Rocket/Arugula – Eruca sativa
  29. Kale – Brassica oleracea var. sabellica
  30. Broccoli –  Brassica oleracea var. italica
  31. Laos Ginger / Galangal – Alpinia galanga
  32. Chilli – Capsicum annum
  33. Blue Java (Ice cream) Banana –  Musa acuminata x bulbisiana
  34. Tulsi – Ocinum sanctum
  35. Imperial Mandarin – Citrus reticulata ‘Imperial’
  36. Dwarf Blood Orange – Citrus sinensis
  37. Acerola/Barbados Cherry – Malpighia emarginata
  38. Jaboticaba – Myrciaria cauliflora
  39. Malabar chestnut – Pachira acquatica
  40. Lilly Pilly – Syzygium leuhmannii
  41. Bottlebrush – Callistemon viminalis
  42. Buddha’s Hand – Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis
  43. Tahitian Lime – Citrus x latifolia
  44. Hickson Mandarin – Citrus reticulata ‘Hickson’
  45. Ruby Grapefruit – Citrus x paradisi
  46. Fig – Ficus carica
  47. Bay Tree – Laurus nobilis
  48. Lemongrass – Cymbopogon citratus
  49. Dragon Fruit – Hylocereus undutas
  50. Native Ginger – Alpinia caerulea
  51. Cassava – Manihot esculenta
  52. Olive – Olea europaea
  53. Pawpaw – Carica papaya
  54. Kang Kong/Water Spinach – Ipomoea aquatica
  55. Watermelon
  56. Zucchini
  57. Cucumber
  58. Corn
  59. Spinach
  60. Silverbeet
  61. Rainbow Chard
  62. Savoy Cabbage
  63. Tuscan Kale
  64. Curly Kale
  65. Russian Kale
  66. Perennial Leek
  67. Shallots
  68. Capsicum
  69. Beetroot
  70. Coriander
  71. Curly Parsley
  72. Flat leaf parsley
  73. Mexican Tarragon
  74. Sorrel
  75. Weeping Rosemary
  76. Marigold
  77. Lemon Balm
  78. Chocolate Mint
  79. Japanese Mint
  80. Rosemary
  81. Oregano
  82. Mizuna
  83. Endive
  84. Pak Choy
  85. Licorice
  86. Perilla
  87. Okinawan Spinach
  88. Amaranth
  89. Nasturtium
  90. Radium Weed
  91. Shepherd’s Purse
  92. Dandelion
  93. Chickweed
  94. Horseradish
  95. Snake Bean
  96. Vietnamese Mint
  97. Stevia
  98. Chia
  99. Ginger
  100. Basil
  101. Lemon Basil
  102. Purple Basil
  103. Thai Basil
  104. Greek Basil
  105. Clove Basil
  106. Giant Perennial Basil
  107. Pineapple Sage
  108. Thyme
  109. Potato (kipfler)
  110. Brown Onion
  111. Red Onion
  112. Kaffir Lime
  113. Tea
  114. Coffee
  115. Jasmine
  116. Rose
  117. Frangipani
  118. Osmanthus
  119. Choko
  120. Taro
  121. Cocoyam
  122. Calendula
  123. Lavender
  124. Rosemary
  125. Oregano
  126. Neem Tree
  127. Curry Leaf Tree
  128. Strawberry
  129. Goji berry
  130. Grumichamma
  131. Avocado
  132. Pomegranate
  133. White Mulberry
  134. Black Mulberry
  135. White Shatoot Mulberry
  136. Japanese Raisin Tree
  137. Icecream Bean Tree
  138. Passionfruit
  139. Macadamia
  140. Pecan
  141. Midyim Berry
  142. Finger Lime
  143. Grey Myrtle
  144. Lomandra
  145. Candlenut Tree
  146. Plum Pine
  147. Lemon Scented Eucalypt
  148. Silky Oak
  149. Native Raspberry
  150. Davidson’s Plum

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5 Responses

  1. Unknown
    Unknown at |

    Morag: A very nice diversity of valuable plants. We are in a semi-tropical zone here on the central west coast of Florida (St. Petersburg) and can grow most of what you list. It would be helpful to organize the list a little differently e.g. annual vegetables, perennial vegetables, herbs, vines, ground covers, medicinals, nitrogen fixers etc. for ease of reference and usage. I very much enjoy your regular postings. You present a complete package of family, community, and permaculture all contextualized in the joy of living. Thank you.

  2. Morag Gamble : Our Permaculture Life
    Morag Gamble : Our Permaculture Life at |

    Thanks very much – and a good suggestion to organise the plant list better with headings. As it stands – the first 54 are the order they appear in the film, the next 96 are clustered in plant types.

  3. patou
    patou at |

    I have jasmine growing, what part is edible? And what part of the bottle brush is edible?

  4. patou
    patou at |

    I have many of the plants on your list growing already, but unfortunately alot on the plants on your list are not frost hardy and would die during my 10 degree nights.
    I've already built a rock berm behind my fig tree and will be putting 5 gallon bottle full of water in front of it and a "planket" over it.
    Always looking for advice on how to keep plants alive thru the winter.

  5. Anonymous
    Anonymous at |

    hi there, by any chance have you written a book on the process you went through to start such a wonderful garden? I am in the beginning stages at the moment but am struggling to start small but with the bigger picture in mind. Or maybe you can recommend a book that walks through the process? Thanks!